Election Modeling Semantic Glossary


A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z
A
Ability Situation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Situation.

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Absentee Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Ballot used for absentee voting.

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Absentee Excuse

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: An excuse in order to vote an absentee ballot.

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Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A request made by the voter to receive an absentee ballot.

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Absentee Request Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Schema.

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Absentee Voter

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Absentee Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Voting that can occur unsupervised at a location chosen by the voter and usually done ahead of election day.

Definition Origin: NIST Twiki Glossary

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Accepted Ballot

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Action

See Nexus.

Activation Device

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Programmed device that creates credentials necessary to begin a voting session using a specific ballot style. Examples include electronic poll books and card activators that contain credential information necessary to determine the appropriate ballot style for the voter.

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Actual Absentee Request Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Object. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Actual Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Object. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has form any number of occurrences of Form.

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Actual Policy

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Adjudication

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Process.

Definition: Process of resolving flagged cast ballots to reflect voter intent. Common reasons for flagging include:
· write-ins,
· overvotes,
· marginal marks,
· having no contests marked on the entire ballot, or
· the ballot being unreadable by a scanner.

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Adjudication-required ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Read Ballot.

Definition: A ballot that contains contest selections that require adjudication.

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Adjudicator

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • adjudicates any number of occurrences of Ballot Mark.

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Administrative Georgraphy

Model-Generated Definition:

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Affiliated Candidate

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Candidate. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Affiliation

See Party Affiliation.

Agent

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • performs any number of occurrences of Action.

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Alternative Format

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: The ballot or accompanying information is said to be in an alternative format if it is in a representation other than the standard ballot language and format. Examples include, but are not limited to languages other than English, Braille, ASCII text, large print, recorded audio. (VVSG 1.1)

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Ambiguous

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Application Filling Out

Model-Generated Definition:

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Appointed Office

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Office.

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Appropriate Mark

See Filling Mark .

Audio Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A ballot in which a set of offices is presented to the voter in spoken, rather than written, form (VVSG 1.1)

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Audio Format

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Audit Device

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Voting device dedicated exclusively to independently verifying or assessing the voting system’s performance.

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B
Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Object.

Definition: Presentation of the contest options for a particular voter.

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Ballot Data

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has contest any number of occurrences of Contest.
  • has ballot section any number of occurrences of Ballot Section.
  • has precinct any number of occurrences of Precinct.
  • has election any number of occurrences of Election.
  • appears on ballot any number of occurrences of Ballot.

Definition: A list of contests and associated contest options that may appear on a ballot for a particular precinct and election.

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Ballot Display Format

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • part of ballot format any number of occurrences of Ballot Format.

Definition: The way the voting system communicates ballot choices and other information. (Human Factors Group)

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Ballot Format

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The concrete presentation of the contents of a ballot appropriate to the particular voting technology being used. The contents may be rendered using various methods of presentation (visual or audio), language or graphics. (VVSG 1.1) (blessed)

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Ballot Interaction Instructions

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Relative Thing and Script.

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Ballot Interpertation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has ballot any number of occurrences of Ballot.

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Ballot Interpertor

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election Jurisdiction in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Ballot Issue

See Ballot Measure Contest.

Ballot Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A possible indicator of voter intent.

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Ballot Marking

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Action and Voting Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Ballot Marking Device

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Vote-Capture Device.

Definition: A vote-capture device that:

permits ballot options to be reviewed on an electronic interface,
produces a human-readable paper ballot, and
does not make any other lasting record of the voter’s selections.

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Ballot Marking Instructions

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Ballot Measure Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Ballot Issue, Ballot Proposition, Ballot Question, and Ballot Referendum.

A kind of Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A question that appears on the ballot with options usually in the form of an approval or rejection.

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Ballot Measure Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Option. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A contest option that specifies a response to a ballot measure contest.

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Ballot Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot and Script.

Definition: A particular type of ballot style that may be given to a voter.

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Ballot Proposition

See Ballot Measure Contest.

Ballot Question

See Ballot Measure Contest.

Ballot Referendum

See Ballot Measure Contest.

Ballot Rendering Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Ballot Rotation Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Variation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Ballot Rotation Rules

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election Policy. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Ballot Section

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: An independently countable part of a ballot.

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Ballot Side

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: The face of a paper ballot. A paper ballot may have two sides.

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Ballot Style

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Generic Ballot Style.

A kind of Ballot Data. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Ballot data that has been put into contest order for a particular precinct and set of voter situations. Voter situations include party affiliation (for closed primaries) and age of the voter (in states that permit 17-year-olds to vote in primary elections), among others.

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Batch Fed Scanner

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A ballot processing device that:

accepts stacks of hand-marked or BMD-produced paper ballots and automatically processes them until the stack is empty;
is usually used at an election authority’s central location;
is mostly commonly used to process absentee or mail ballots;
usually has input and output hoppers for ballots;
scans a ballot and rejects it if either unreadable or un-processable;
detects, interprets, and validates contest selections;
detects and sorts (either digitally or physically) ballots that are unreadable or un-processable, or that contain undeterminable selections, marking exceptions, or write-ins; and
tabulates and reports contest results as required. This unit was previously referred to as central count optical scanner or CCOS.

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Birth

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has name any number of occurrences of Given Name.
  • of person any number of occurrences of Person.
  • has date any number of occurrences of Birth Date.

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Birth Date

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Description.

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Birth in County

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Birth. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Birthright Citizen

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Citizen. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Birthright Citizenship

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Blank Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Issued ballot without any selections made.

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Box Appearence

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Broken Arrow Appearence

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Building in Role

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A kind of Relative Thing.

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C
Calendar Date

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script.

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Candidate

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Person contending in a contest for office. A candidate may be explicitly presented as one of the contest options or may be a write-in candidate. (VVSG vNext)

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Candidate Electors

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Candidate Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A contest option that is associated with a candidate.

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Candidate Party Affiliation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Party Affiliation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The party affiliation of a candidate for purposes of representing a party in an election.

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Candidate Ticket

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Team Candidate.

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • made up of any number of occurrences of Candidate.

Definition: Two or more candidates that appear together as a single contest option.

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Canvass Report

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Canvass means different things to different people

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Cast Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Ballot in which the voter has taken final action in selecting contest choices and irrevocably confirmed their intent to vote as selected.

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Cast Vote

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Vote.

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Cast Vote Record

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Casting Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Process.

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Casting Rules

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script.

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Central Reporting Device

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Device that consolidates and reports vote totals from multiple precincts at a central location.

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Challenged Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Ballot cast by a voter whose eligibility to vote is disputed. A challenged ballot may be a provisional ballot, based on state law. In some states challenge ballot is a synonym for provisional ballot. (proposed by Katy)

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Citizen

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Closed Primary

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Partisan Primary.

Definition: Primary election in which the voter receives a ballot containing only those party-specific contests pertaining to the political party with which the voter is affiliated, along with non-party-specific contests presented at the same election. Note: Usually, unaffiliated voters are permitted to vote only on non-party-specific contests . (NIST Twiki Glossary)

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Combined Wards

See Reporting Unit.

Component

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Element within a larger voting system.

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Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Qualified Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A single decision or set of associated decisions being put before the voters (for example, the option of candidates to fill a particular public office or the approval or disapproval of a constitutional amendment). This term encompasses other terms such as "race," "question," and "issue" that are sometimes used to refer to specific kinds of contests. It does not refer to the legal challenge of an election outcome.

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Contest Count

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A measure associated with a particular contest.

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Contest in Election

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Contest Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A votable choice that appears under a contest.

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Contest Option Count

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Count.

Definition: A measure associated with a particular contest option.

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Contest Option Position

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A specified area on a ballot where a voter’s selection in a particular contest can be indicated.

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Contest Option Position Appearence

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Definition: An indicator of where marks may be placed.

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Contest Option Vote

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Vote. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • allocated to any number of occurrences of Contest Option Count.
  • valid according to law any number of occurrences of Law.

Definition: Vote that is allocated to a particular contest option.

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Contest Option Vote

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Definition: Vote that will be counted for a particular contest option.

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Contest Order Rules

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A kind of Election Policy. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Contest Ordering

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A kind of Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Contest Selection

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A selection marked on the ballot by a voter with respect to a specific single contest (for example, a candidate, the value “Yes” or “Approve”).

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Contest Selection Indication

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Contest Selection Indication Origin

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Contest Selection Indication Status

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Contest Vote

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Definition: Countable unit allocated to a particular contest accumulator.

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Context

See Mediating Thing.

Continuant

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Control Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest.

Definition: Contest where the selection of contest options causes a outcome

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Correcting Mark

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A kind of Voter Intent Mark.

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Countable

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Countable Ballot

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Countable Indication

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Counted Ballot

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A kind of Recorded Ballot.

Definition: A read ballot that has been processed and whose votes are included in the vote totals.

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Country

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Crime

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Cross-Party Endorsement

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Party Endorsement. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has parties any number of occurrences of Party.

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D
Declared Party Affiliation

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A kind of Script.

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Description

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A kind of Continuant and Relative Thing.

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Designated Agency

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Device

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Definition: Physical apparatus and any supporting supplies, materials, and logic that together form a functional unit that performs assigned tasks as an integrated whole.

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direct recording electronic voting machine

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Vote-Capture Device.

Definition: A voting device that allows:

electronic presentation of a ballot,
electronic selection of valid voter choices, and
electronic storage of these selections as individual records. It also provides a summary of these vote selections.

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Direct Selection

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District

See Political Subdivision.

District Combo

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Precinct Split.

A kind of Election District and Election Geography. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Driver's License

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E
Early Voting

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Definition:

  • Voting that occurs prior to election day at a polling place under the supervision of election workers.
  • Voting that occurs prior to election day at a polling location under the supervision of poll workers.

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Elected Office

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A kind of Office. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: An office that is filled primarily or exclusively via election.

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Elected Office Seat

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Office Seat. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: An elected office position that a single officeholder may occupy for a term of office.

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Election

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A formal process that allows qualified voters to:
• select candidates to fill seats in one or more public offices and
• to accept or reject one or more proposed ballot measures.

Definition Origin: VVSG 1.1

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Election Agency

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A kind of State Government.

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Election Calendar

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Calendar Date. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • made up of any number of occurrences of Election.

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Election Cycle Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Absentee Request. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Election Day Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of In Person Voting and Temporal Voting Category. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting that occurs at a polling location under the supervision of poll workers on the final day of a voting period, commonly known as "Election Day".

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Election Day Voting Period

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Period. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The period during which election day voting may occur. Usually occurring on a single day, starting in the morning and continuing until early evening.

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Election Definition Medium

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Programmed memory device containing all applicable election definition data required by the election system component where the device will be used.

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Election District

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Administrative area in which voters are entitled to vote in contests that are specific to that area.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election District in Role

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Geography

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Jurisdiction

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Municipality.

A kind of Geopolitical Unit and Government. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Term as used in election contexts to signify a geographical area to which a practical authority has been granted to administer elections for political offices. Areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels. Note: States, counties, cities, towns and townships are all examples of jurisdictions. (old?)

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Jurisdiction in Role

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A role (business function) played by a election jurisdiction.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Jurisdiction with Cast Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Official

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Term used to designate the group of people associated with elections, including election personnel, poll workers, ballot designers and those responsible for the installation, operation and maintenance of the voting systems. See also election officials.

Definition Origin: VVSG 1.1

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Outcome

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Outcome. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Policy

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has law jurisdiction any number of occurrences of Country.
  • established under authority any number of occurrences of Law.
  • has voting variation any number of occurrences of Voting Variation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Results Report

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Tabulation Report. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Specific Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Absentee Request. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has election any number of occurrences of Election.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Supervisor

See Election Worker.

Election System

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has jurisdiction any number of occurrences of Country.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election to Office

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Election Worker

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Election Supervisor.

A kind of Person in Role and Election Jurisdiction in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Any person who interacts with those coming to vote. This includes any poll worker, election day worker, early voting worker, or other temporary staff engaged in supporting the voting process.

Definition Origin: Election Modeling Glossary

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Electronic Ballot Interface

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Subsystem within a voting system which communicates ballot information to a voter in video, audio, or other alternative format which allows the voter to select candidates and issues using vocalization or physical actions.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Electronic Poll Book

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Device.

Definition: Device that partially automates the process of checking in voters, assigning them the correct ballot style, and marking voters who have been issued a ballot. May be used in place of a traditional paper poll book. E-poll books can be stand alone at the precinct with a separate copy of the electors list or can be networked into a central voter registration system. They can check and update voter records in real time.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Electronic Voter Interface

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Component. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Component of an electronic vote-capture device that communicates ballot information to the voter and accepts vote selection input from the voter.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Electronic Voting Device

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Device that uses electronic or electromechanical components.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Endorsed Candidate

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Candidate. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Enhanced Visual Format

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Visual display format options for displaying ballot choices and other information with the addition of personal choices such as text size and color contrast.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Entries

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Excuse Absentee Catagory

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Variation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Excuse Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Exhausted Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: In reference to processing a ranked choice voting contest on a cast ballot, a ballot that becomes inactive and cannot be advanced in the tabulation for a contest because there are no further valid rankings on the ballot for continuing contest options.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Expected Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Mark that falls wholly or partially inside of a contest selection position.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Extraneous Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A mark that is outside of the contest option position on a paper or other physical ballot. Extraneous marks on the ballot that can be used to associate the ballot with a specific voter will invalidate the ballot according to state rules.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

F
Federal Government

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Government. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • governs any number of occurrences of Country.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Federal Law

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Law.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Federally Designated

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Felon

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Felony

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Filling Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Appropriate Mark .

A kind of Expected Mark and Semiotic Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: An expected mark made according to the ballot marking instructions.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Final Impact

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Schema. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has entries any number of occurrences of Entries.
  • has actual form any number of occurrences of Actual Form.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Form Filling

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Form Outcome

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Formatting Rules

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election Policy.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Fpca Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of RegistrationForm.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

G
General Election

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has final impact any number of occurrences of Final Impact.

Definition: Election in which voters, regardless of party affiliation, are permitted to select candidates to fill public office and vote on ballot issues (VVSG 1.1)

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Generated Mark

See Indirect Selection.

Generic Ballot Style

See Ballot Style.

Geographical Information System

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Geometric Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Semiotic Mark.

Definition: A mark whose shape may indicate a contest selection.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Geopolitical Unit

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Describes units of geopolitical geography so that they can be associated with contests, offices, ballot styles, and election results.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Given Name

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Name. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • any number of occurrences of Person.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Government

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Organization. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • governs any number of occurrences of Country.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

H
Header

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Structual Data.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Hesitation Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Intent Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Small dot made by resting the point of a writing utensil on a paper ballot.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

History

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Occurrent and Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • stage of any number of occurrences of Occurrent.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Hospital

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

I
Identification

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Description, Namespace, and Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Identification Issuer

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Identifying Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • identifies any number of occurrences of Voter.

Definition: Script Mark that potentially indicate the voter’s identify.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

In Person Absentee Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Early Voting. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting that occurs prior to election day at a polling location under the supervision of poll workers. This kind of voting may employ procedures similar to other forms of absentee voting.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

In Person Early Voting

See Early Voting.

In Person Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Polling Place Voting.

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

  • Voting that occurs at a polling place under the supervision of poll workers.
  • Voting that occurs at a polling place under the supervision of poll workers.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

In Transit Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Incoming Adjudication Statuses

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Incompetent

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Independent Thing

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Indirect Deselection

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Purpose.

Definition: E.g Party Control "Contests"

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Indirect Selection

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Generated Mark.

Definition: The mechanism by which a selection for a specific contest option automatically selects other linked contest options. An example is a straight party selection that causes indirect selections for all contest options of the identified party.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Infirmed

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Intended Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Intention

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Interpertation Rules

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Interperted Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Invalidated

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Issued Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Rendered Ballot. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

J
Jail

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

L
Language Situation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Situation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Law

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Rule and Script. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • establishes office any number of occurrences of Office.
  • has election policy any number of occurrences of Election Policy.
  • has law jurisdiction any number of occurrences of Country.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Law Jurisdiction

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Legal Obligations

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Live Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Local Voter Registration Identification

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

M
Machine Generated Indication

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Machine Indication

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Selection Indication Origin. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • caused by application of rules any number of occurrences of Rules.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Machine Readability Requirements

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Machine Readable Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Mark in a contest selection position of a paper ballot that meets requirements for detection by a scanner.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Machine Unreadable Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Mark in a contest selection position of a paper ballot that meets requirements for detection by a scanner.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Manually-Marked Paper Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Marked Ballot.

Definition: Paper ballot marked by a person using a writing utensil. The paper ballot is the independent voter-verifiable record.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marginally Machine Readable Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Mark in contest selection position of a paper ballot that does not meet the requirements for a reliably detectable selection, and therefore requires human adjudication. A marginal mark may be a determined to indicate a selection, depending on state law.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marked Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Ballot that contains all of a voter's selections.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marking Instructions

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Script.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marking Motivation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Motivation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marking Outcome

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Outcome. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marking Pattern

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Marking Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Process.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Mediating Thing

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Context.

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Military

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Military Voter

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Military and Voter.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Misdemeanor

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Motor Vehicle Authority

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Identification Issuer. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Multi-seat Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Municipality

See Election Jurisdiction.

N
Name

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Identification.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Namespace

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Narrowing Purpose

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Purpose. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Naturalization

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Naturalization Ceremony

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Naturalized Citizen

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Citizen. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Needs Adjudication

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Unknown Indication.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Nexus

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Action.

A kind of Mediating Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has purpose any number of occurrences of Purpose.

Definition: A physical entity (P) mediating (M) two or more other entities. Each nexus is a bundle of prehensions, which may be the junctures of an object or the participants of a process. Examples include an arch that consists of junctures of stones or an action that consists of what one participant called an agent is doing to another participant called a patient.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

No Excuse Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Any registered voter may request an absentee ballot without stating a reason. Discussion: in states without no-excuse absentee voting a voter must state a valid excuse in order to obtain an absentee ballot.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Non Partisan Primary

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Primary Election. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Primary election held to narrow the field of candidates in non-party-specific contests.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Non Partisan Voter

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Non Party Ballot Selection

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Non Party Specific Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Contest where eligibility to vote in that contest is independent of political party affiliation.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Non Party Specific Narrowing Purpose

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Narrowing Purpose. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Nonpartisan Office

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Elected office for which candidates appear on the election ballot without political party designation.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Not a selection

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Not Countable

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Nvra Agency

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Nvra Form

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing and RegistrationForm. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Nvra Law

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Federal Law.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

O
Object

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Independent Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Occurrent

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Office

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • governed by law any number of occurrences of Law.
  • made up of any number of occurrences of Office Seat.
  • has legal obligations any number of occurrences of Legal Obligations.

Definition: A position established by law with certain associated rights and duties.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Office Seat

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has officeholder any number of occurrences of Officeholder.
  • has office any number of occurrences of Office.
  • has term of office any number of occurrences of Term of Office.

Definition: An office position that a single officeholder may occupy for a term of office.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Officeholder

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Open Primary

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Partisan Primary. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: (For Ballot Issuance purposes), Primary election in which the voter may choose a political party when they request a ballot. In some states the voter will become publicly affiliated with the chosen political party, while others do not establish affiliation. Other states may restrict the voters ability to switch affiliation from one party to another.

(For Voting System purposes) Primary election in which a voter may vote in party-specific contests associated with that party, along with non party specific contests presented at the same election.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Ordered Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Organization

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Other Voter Registration Identificaiton

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Outcome

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Oval Appearence

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Overmark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Expected Mark and Semiotic Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Two or more semiotic marks overlapping in the same contest selection position

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

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Term Origin:

Overvote

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Occurs when the number of selections made by a voter in a contest is more than the maximum number allowed. The number of allowed selections is equal to the number of votes lost. For example, if three selections are made in a vote-for-two contest, the number of votes lost is two.

Definition Origin:

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Explanatory Note:

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Overvote Count

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Count.

Definition: The number of overvotes associated with a particular contest.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

P
Paper Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A piece of paper, or multiple sheets of paper, on which all contest options of a given ballot style are printed.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Paper Ballot Page

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Paper Ballot Sheet

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A single piece of paper that forms part of a paper ballot. Paper ballots may contain multiple ballot sheets.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Partially Countable

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Countable Ballot.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Participation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Occurrent and Relative Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Partisan Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Partisan Office

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Elected office for which candidates may appear on the ballot with a political party designation.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Partisan Office Seat

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Office Seat.

Definition: Boards that have equal makeup based on partisanship

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Partisan Primary

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Primary Election. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Primary election held to narrow the field of candidates in party-specific contests.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Partisan Voter

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Party

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Party Activation Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Control Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Party Activation Contest Option

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Affiliation

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Affiliation.

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • to any number of occurrences of Party.

Definition: Association with a political party. See also: endorsement. Note: Affiliation with a political party does not imply endorsement by that political party; endorsement does not imply affiliation

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Party Ballot Selection

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot Option. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has affiliating primary any number of occurrences of

Definition: A

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Endorsement

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has party any number of occurrences of Party.
  • has endorsed candidate any number of occurrences of Endorsed Candidate.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Selection

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The act of picking a political party for primary voting purposes. (JND)

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Specific Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Contest such that eligibility to vote in that contest is restricted based on political party affiliation or lack thereof. Note: The affiliation might be the registered affiliation of the voter or it might be an affiliation declared at the time of voting. See closed primary, open primary. (NIST Twiki Glossary), (approved by EM group, 3/28)

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Party Specific Contest Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Option. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Specific Contests

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has party any number of occurrences of Party.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Party Specific Narrowing Purpose

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Narrowing Purpose. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Permanant Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Absentee Request.

Definition: Once a voter opts in, they will receive an absentee ballot automatically for all future elections. Note: the definition of "permanent" varies by state. Some states require voters to reapply at certain intervals (NCSL)

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Person

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Object. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Person in Role

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Agent and Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has performer any number of occurrences of Person.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Person's Purpose

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Policy

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Political Subdivision

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to District.

A kind of Election Jurisdiction.

Definition: Any unit of government, such as counties, cities, school districts, and water and conservation districts having authority to hold elections for public offices or on ballot measures.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Polling Location

See Polling Place.

Polling Place

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Polling Location.

A kind of Building in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Location at which voters may cast in-person ballots under the supervision of election workers during one or more specific time periods.

Definition Origin: NIST SP 1500-100

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Polling Place Voting

See In Person Voting.

Pre Election Day Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Temporal Voting Category. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting that occurs during a period that starts prior to the start of election day voting.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Pre Election Day Voting Period

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Period. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The period during which early voting may take place. This period must begin prior to election day.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Precinct

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election District and Election Geography. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A precinct is the geographic area to which voters are assigned. It is an administrative division of a county or municipality to which a voter has been assigned by their residence address for voting in an election. Your jurisdiction may use the terms “ward” or “voting district” to describe voting precincts.

Definition Origin: EAVS

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Precinct Split

See District Combo.

Preference Situation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Situation.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Presentable Ballot Style

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot Style. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Ballot style that includes all presentational details required to generate a ballot. This may include language, ordering of contests and candidates, and structural content such as headers.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Presidential Primary Election

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Primary election in which voters choose the delegates to the presidential nominating conventions allotted to their states by the national party committees.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Primary Election

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Election held to determine which candidates qualify to appear as contest options in subsequent elections.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Printing Defects

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Prison

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Independent Thing and Occurrent. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • executes any number of occurrences of Script.

Definition: Actuality (IP) considered as an occurrent (O) during the interval of interest. Depending on the time scale and level of detail, the same actual entity may be viewed as a stable object or a dynamic process. Even an entity as stable as a diamond could be considered a process when viewed over a long time period or at the atomic level of vibrating particles.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Programmed Component

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Component.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Programmed Device

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Electronic device that includes software. Most electronic voting devices include application logic (software) and are, therefore, programmed devices.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Provisional Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

A failsafe ballot provided to a voter whose eligibility for a regular ballot cannot be immediately determined. The ballot may be counted or further processed depending on state law. See also: 52 U.S.C. Section 21082, recallable ballot.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Purpose

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has action any number of occurrences of Action.
  • explains any number of occurrences of Situation.

Definition:

Intention (MA) that has the form of an occurrent (O). As an example, the words and notes of the song "Happy Birthday" constitute a script (IAO); a description of how people at a party sang the song is history (RAO); and the intention (MA) that explains the situation (MPO) is a purpose (MAO). The basic axioms for Purpose are inherited from its supertypes Mediating, Abstract, and Occurrent. Lower-level axioms relate purposes to actions and agents:

     

  • Time sequence. If an agent x performs an act y whose purpose is a situation z, the start of y occurs before the start of z.

     

  • Contingency. If an agent x performs an act y whose purpose is a situation z described by a proposition p, then it is possible that z might not occur or that p might not be true of z.

     

  • Success or failure. If an agent x performs an act y whose purpose is a situation z described by a proposition p, then x is said to be successful if z occurs and p is true of z; otherwise, x is said to have failed.

 

Definition Origin:

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Q
Qualified Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Relative Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Qualifier Impact

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

R
Read Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Scanned Ballot.

A kind of Cast Ballot.

Definition: Cast ballot that has been accepted and initially processed.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Readiness Report

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Reason

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Continuant and Intention.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Recallable Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Recorded Ballot.

Definition: Recorded ballot that can be individually retrieved and included or excluded from further processing.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Recorded Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Read Ballot.

Definition: Ballot for which there is an associated cast vote record.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

RegistrationForm

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Form and Independent Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Relative Thing

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Rendered Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A ballot style rendered in a human understandable display format according to a voter's situation, with instructions on how to make a selection.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Reporting Unit

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Combined Wards.

A kind of Geopolitical Unit.

Definition: Geographical area in which reported totals or counts are reported (for example, a jurisdiction, precinct, or election district).

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Representational Prehensions

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • represents any number of occurrences of Person.
  • appears on form any number of occurrences of Actual Form.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Resident

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Person in Role.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Residual Contest Vote

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Reviewed Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Ballot that has been reviewed, before it is cast, to determine what contest selections it contains.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Rotated Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ordered Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Rule

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Rules

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Rules Impact

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: T

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Runoff Election

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

S
Sample Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Scanned Ballot

See Read Ballot.

Scheduled Election

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Schema

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Continuant and Independent Thing.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Script

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Independent Thing and Occurrent. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • instructs any number of occurrences of Process.

Definition:

A form (IA) that has the structure of an occurrent (O). A script is an abstract form (IA) that represents time sequences. Examples include computer programs, a recipe for baking a cake, a sheet of music to be played on a piano, or a differential equation that governs the evolution of a physical process. A movie can be described by several different kinds of scripts: the first is a specification of the actions and dialog to be acted out by humans; but the sequence of frames in a reel of film is also a script that determines a process carried out by a projector that generates flickering images on a screen.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

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Term Origin:

Script Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Semiotic Mark.

Definition: Natural language script placed upon the ballot by the voter.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Semi Open Primary

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Semiotic Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Ballot Mark.

Definition: A mark described in terms of its perceivable features.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

SeventeenYearOldVoter

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Single Fed Scanner

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Situation

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Mediating Thing, Nexus, and Occurrent.

Definition: A nexus (MP) considered as an occurrent (O). A situation mediates the participants of some process, whose stages may involve different participants at different times.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Social Security Administration

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Identification Issuer. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Social Security Card

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Identification. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Social Security Number

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Spatial

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Special Election

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Election.

Definition: Primary election or general election that is not regularly scheduled. Note: a special election may be combined with a scheduled election.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Spoiled Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Equivalent to Void Ballot.

A kind of Issued Ballot and Uncountable Ballot.

Definition: An issued ballot that will not be cast, usually because it has been incorrectly marked or impaired in some way.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

State Designated

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

State Government

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Government. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

State Identification

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Registration Identification. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

State Voter Registration Identification

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Straight Party Contest

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest and Control Contest. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Straight Party Option

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Option. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Straight Party Override

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Explicit voter selection that overrides or supplements the vote selections made by a straight party voting option. Straight party overrides may be subject to state election rules for how they work or whether they are allowed.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Straight Party Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Variation.

Definition: Mechanism that allows voters to cast a single vote to select all candidates on the ballot from a single political party.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Stray Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voter Intent Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Mark that falls primarily or completely outside the contest selection position and determined to not indicate a contest selection.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Strikeout Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Semiotic Mark.

Definition: A mark that overlaps the contest option, such as to strike the candidate’s name.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Structual Data

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Submitted Registration

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Summary Report

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Supervised Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Location Category. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting in presence of election officials.

Definition Origin: Election Modeling Glossary

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

T
Tabulation Report

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • contains contest count any number of occurrences of Contest Count.

Definition: A report containing the counts associated with ballots tabulated for a given voting unit.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Team Candidate

See Candidate Ticket.

Temporal Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Absentee Request. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • for period ending on any number of occurrences of Calendar Date.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Temporal Voting Category

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Voting Variation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • conducted during voting period any number of occurrences of Voting Period.

Definition: Voting that occurs over a particular voting period.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Term of Office

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Tracing Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Semiotic Mark. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Mark made exclusively along the contest selection position indicator.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

U
Uncountable Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Uncountable Indication

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Undervote

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Occurs when the number of selections in a contest is less than the maximum number allowed for that contest. The number of undervotes is equal to the number of votes lost, e.g., if no selection is made in a vote for two contest, the number of votes lost is two.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Undervote Count

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Contest Count.

Definition: The number of undervotes associated with a particular contest.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Unexpected Mark

Model-Generated Definition:

A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Mark that falls wholly outside a contest selection position.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

United States

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Country.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Unknown Indication

See Needs Adjudication.

Unprocessable Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A ballot that has been successfully read but the ballot style identification code is not a code contained in the election definition being used by the device or, in the case of a batch-fed scanner, the code is not defined for the precinct whose batch is has been identified to be processed.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Unsupervised Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: Voting that occurs unsupervised at a location chosen by the voter.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

UOCAVA Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

UOCAVA Voting

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Pre Election Day Voting. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting that occurs prior to election day using various means.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

UOCAVA Voting Period

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: The period during which UOCAVA voting may take place. This period must begin prior to election day.

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

UOCAVA Voting Process

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Process.

Definition:

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

Ureadable Ballot

Model-Generated Definition:

Definition: A ballot produced an image that the scanner cannot extract information from due to not recognizing the required format, has been damaged, contains marks that obliterate the format information making it unintelligible or scanning of the ballot failed for mechanical reasons (such as slippage or skew).

Definition Origin:

Abbreviation:

Explanatory Note:

Usage Note:

Term Origin:

V
Valid Absentee Request

Model-Generated Definition:

A kind of Absentee Request. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition:

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Video Ballot

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Definition: Electronic ballot interface which presents ballot information and voting instructions as video images. See also ballot. (VVSG 1.1)

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Visual Format

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Definition: A display format in which ballot choices and other information are displayed on screen or paper for perception using sight.

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Void Ballot

See Spoiled Ballot.

Vote Center

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A kind of Polling Location. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • serves precinct any number of occurrences of Precinct.

Definition: A polling place where voters from multiple precincts may cast their ballots.

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Vote-Capture Device

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Definition: An automated device that is used directly by a voter to vote a ballot.

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Voter

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A kind of Person in Role. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Voter Facing Scanner

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Definition: A ballot processing device that:

accepts hand-marked or BMD-produced paper ballots one sheet at a time;
is usually used for in-person voting;
permits election officials to open and close the polls; scans a ballot and rejects it if either unreadable or un-processable; detects, interprets and validates contest selections; notifies the voter of voting exceptions (such as undervotes or overvotes) or unreadable marks; stores accepted ballots in a secure container; sorts or otherwise marks ballots or ballot images that need subsequent human review; and tabulates and reports contest results after polls are closed. This unit was previously referred to as precinct count optical scanner or PCOS.

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Voter in Open Primary

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A kind of Voter in Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • has open primary any number of occurrences of Open Primary.

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Voter in Situation

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A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Voter Indication

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Voter Intent

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A cognitive construct, formed by the voter, which they attempt to express through the actions they take to mark, verify, and cast their ballot.

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Voter Intent Mark

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A kind of Ballot Mark.

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Voter Intent Standard

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Definition: A standard for counting ballots that aims to ensure that ballots are counted in accordance with the goals of the voter, using written rules for both human processes and machine algorithms to ensure that all ballots marked in a similar way are counted in the same way.

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Voter Party Affiliation

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A kind of Party Affiliation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • executes any number of occurrences of

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Voter Registration Identification

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A kind of Identification. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

  • appears on any number of occurrences of Nvra Form.

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Voter Situation

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A kind of Relative Thing. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A point in time in which certain facts holds about a voter.

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Voter Voting in Closed Primary

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Voter with Castable Ballot

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A kind of Situation. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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VoterRegistrationAgency

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Voting Act

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A kind of Action. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Voting Location Category

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A kind of Spatial and Voting Variation.

Definition: Voting that occurs at a particular location.

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Voting Motivation

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A kind of Purpose and Reason. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A process which associates voter's with intentions.

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Voting Period

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A kind of Continuant, Description, and Script. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: The period during which voting may take place.

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Voting Process

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A kind of Process.

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Voting System

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Equipment (including hardware, firmware, and software), materials, and documentation used to define elections and ballot styles, configure voting equipment, identify and validate voting equipment configurations, perform logic and accuracy tests, activate ballots, capture votes, count votes, reconcile ballots needing special treatment, generate reports, transmit election data, archive election data, and audit elections.

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Voting Technology

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

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Voting Variation

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A kind of Process. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Voting style, option, or feature such as in-person voting, absentee voting, provisional / challenged ballots, review-required ballots, closed primaries, open primaries, write-ins, ballot rotation, straight party voting, cross-party endorsement, split precincts, N-of-M voting, cumulative voting, or ranked order voting. (NIST Twiki Glossary)

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Voting-System Device

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A kind of Device. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: Device that is part of the voting system.

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W
With Voter

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Write-In Option

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A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A type of contest option that allows a voter to specify a candidate, usually not already listed under the same contest. Depending on jurisdiction rules, only certain names will be considered as valid write-ins.

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Z
Zero Report

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A kind of Tabulation Report. A valid occurrence may have the following properties:

Definition: A tabulation report produced at the opening of polls to verify that there are no stored votes.

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